Playable cities: sources

The model and the chapters for 'Playable cities' are based on an extensive desk research of international literature and websites about public spaces (for kids). Using the work of for example, Mikael Colville-Andersen, Jan Gehl (Making Cities for People; Gehl Institute), Tim Gill, Jane Jacobs, Kaboom!, Kevin Lynch, Project for Public Spaces (PPS), The Bernard van Leer Foundation (Urban95), The City at Eyelevel, and William H. Whyte. But also using the results from scientific research published in international academic journals such as 'Childeren's Geography' and policy documents from cities. The desk research has been conducted between October 2017 and July 2018, but my interest for the subject was started in the 1990s when I studied Urban Geography. Manifesting itself in a full bookcase and continuously observing and making pictures of the way people use the built environment. The attention for the subject got a boost six years ago when my daughter was born. The chapters are continuously updated.

Summary | WHY? | HOW? | WHAT? | Sources

Consulted sources and reading tips

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Lesley Abbott (2003) Birth to three matters: an introduction to the framework. Sure Start.

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Mariana Brussoni (2015) Risky outdoor play positively impacts children’s health. The University of British Colombia. 

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Charlotte Cammelbeeck, Luuk Engbers, Maartje Kunen & Dayenne L’abée (2014) Ontwerpprincipes voor een beweegvriendelijke omgeving. Nederlands Instituut voor Sport en Bewegen.

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Helen Forman (2017) Residential Street Design and Play. A literature review of policy, guidance and research on residential street design and its influence on children’s independent outdoor activity. Playing Out.

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Jan Gehl (2010) Cities for People. Island Press.

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Gehl Institute (2016) The Public Life Diversity Toolkit

Gehl Institute & Gehl (2018) Space to grow: Ten principles that support happy, healthy families in a playful, friendly city. The Hague: Bernard van Leer Foundation’s.

Tim Gill (2007) No Fear: growing up in a risk averse society. London: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation.

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Jillian Glover (2017) Making the Case for Children’s Independence in Cities. Blog This City Life.

Jillian Glover (2018) Blog This City Life.

Helene M. Grow, Brian E. Saelens, Jacqueline Kerr, Nefertiti H. Durant, Gregory J. Norman & James F. Sallis (2008) Where Are Youth Active? Roles of Proximity, Active Transport, and Built Environment. In: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, Volume 40, Number 12, pp. 2071–2079.

Maarten Hajer & Arnold Reijndorp (2001) In search of new public domain: analysis and strategies. Rotterdam: NAi Publishers.

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Gerben Helleman (2017b) Playable cities. Blog Urban Springtime.

Gerben Helleman (2017c) Speelbare steden: een persoonlijk verhaal. Blog Stadslente. 

Gerben Helleman (2019) Bicycle urbanism: know the ropes. Blog Urban Springtime.

Gerben Helleman (2021) Playing outside: who, where and what? Blog Urban Springtime.

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Danica Mast, Sanne de Vries, Joost Broekens & Fons Verbeek (2021) The Participant Journey Map: Understanding the Design of Interactive Augmented Play Spaces. In: Frontiers in Computer Science and Frontiers in Psychology. 

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Johan Oost & Gerben Helleman (2018) The Speckle; a scan for studying the quality of playable open spaces. Chapter contribution 'The city at eyelevel for kids'.

Play and Playground encyclopedia (2018) Website

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Project for Public Spaces (2018) Website PPS.

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Last update: February 14, 2022

Summary | WHY? | HOW? | WHAT? | Sources